Growing Fall Broccoli

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No offense Mrs. Seinfeld, but my children like broccoli, and I don’t have to hide it!

 

They don’t just like broccoli, they LOVE broccoli. How much?

 

Miss Muffet giving her broccoli plants a hug.

 

A few weeks ago, I was really tired after a long day at work – I just didn’t feel like cooking that night. Since the drive-thru can’t be an option for us, I sucked it up and went out to the deep freeze. With a lift of the lid, I gazed down at my answer: frozen tater tots. I had picked up the package on a whim, after Grandmother Hubbard showed me that some of Ore-Ida’s products are gluten free. No prep… just throw ’em on a baking sheet. Don’t all kids love tater tots?

I entered the living room and announced the evening’s menu, expecting jubilant shouting and maybe even a little toddler dance.

“Oh, Ma!” said Miss Muffet. “Can’t we just have BROCCOLI or something like that?”

 

What mother wouldn’t cave to that request?

 

Later that evening, it was Bo Peep’s turn to share her “favorite thing of the day,” our family dinner ritual. Her answer: “Bwock-wee!

When children have a part in growing the family table, when their vegetables are fresh and tasty, they WANT to eat them.

 

Cutting Fall 2011 broccoli with Bo Peep.

 

Growing Fall Broccoli

Fall broccoli is the BEST broccoli you will ever grow for your family. Broccoli connoisseurs know this, but the home and garden centers around here apparently don’t. Come to think of it, most of the stores around here stop selling ANYTHING gardening related after Labor Day, much less broccoli starts. That is a shame, because many crops, like broccoli, are at their peak of perfection when grown in cold weather.

Not only does broccoli taste better when grown in cold temperatures, you will get more out of it. Broccoli, like all cruciferous vegetables, thrives in cool temperatures. Warm temperatures stress broccoli, telling the plant that it is time to move on. Since it can’t get up and go, it puts its energy into flowers and seed production – it bolts. The spring broccoli that I grow is always smaller than the fall. And it stands a good chance of bolting before a sizable head develops, such as when an unexpected early spring arrives (like this year).

Proud girls with extra-large fall broccoli heads.

 

I can also get successive cuttings from a broccoli plant grown in the fall. After the main head is cut, broccoli will develop several smaller side shoots that can be harvested a few weeks later. Broccoli planted in the spring doesn’t get the opportunity to do that, as the heat of summer shuts shuts it down.

Two nicely-sized side shoots developing after the main head was cut a little over 2 weeks ago.

 

Folks are always surprised to hear that I was cutting these extra broccoli shoots into late November last year… just a week before Thanksgiving. They ask, “Don’t you have to protect your plants?” Broccoli is extremely tolerant of cold temperatures. It will tolerate several hard frosts.

Broccoli leaves curl and become limp during frost (left), but perk right back up once the temps warm up.

 

Why else grow broccoli in the fall? They aren’t bothered nearly as much by pests. I know this sounds counter-intuitive, that bug populations should be at their peak when the broccoli starts go into the ground in mid-August, but I’ve never had issues with pests on broccoli in the fall, except for slugs (which stopped once our ducks arrived).

 

How to grow fall broccoli

I plant intensively, spacing plants about 18-24 inches apart in the beds. This allows me to pack a lot of plants in a small space.

Broccoli is one of those plants that you can plant deeply and it won’t hurt it. And you’ll want to, as the plants can become heavy and topple over if the main stem grows too long while in the starting container. Plant almost up to the first set of true leaves and your plants will stay upright.

These broccoli don’t flop into the path between beds, as they were planted deeply.

 

I like to grow broccoli under landscaping fabric. We’ve used both plastic and landscaping fabric as a weed barrier, and I’m incredibly fond of the latter. Plastic tends to radiate more heat above the barrier, which can be good in fall, but it also is completely waterproof. That means I have to do a LOT of extra watering. With landscaping fabric, though more expensive, I hardly need to water at all. This year, I planted broccoli immediately into the melon bed. Aside from watering at planting, I turned the soaker hose on just one time, and only as extra insurance during a dry spell.

Move over melons! Here comes broccoli!

 

 

Even if you’ve missed your window for planting fall broccoli this year, make plans for the next. You’ll likely need to start your own seeds next summer, as you can’t count on your local gardening center to supply you with starts. I’ll be posting again later about how you can start your broccoli from seed.

 

Bo Peep spontaneously munching on a head of broccoli before it is harvested.

Miss Muffet with some of last year’s broccoli harvest that is about to be blanched and frozen.

 

14 Comments

  1. howarda82

    November 9, 2012 at 6:46 pm

    i LOVE this! and i love how you addressed it to “mrs. seinfeld”. i totally have her books. lol! your family has changed my mind on using her books.

    http://www.wewouldlovetoadopt.blogspot.com 🙂

    • Ma Hubbard

      November 13, 2012 at 9:10 am

      So funny!

  2. littlemountainhaven

    March 23, 2013 at 10:23 am

    WOW! absolutely amazing!!! like WOW. My 3 year old loves broccoli too (its her fav veg other than kale chips), there is just something about eating a little ‘tree’
    I just so happen to have a melon bed.. can you guess what I’m going to grow in it afterwards 😉

    • Ma Hubbard

      March 23, 2013 at 12:26 pm

      I’m going to have to share the “little trees” observation with my girls… they will love it!

  3. Rachelle

    July 13, 2013 at 3:04 pm

    What type of broccoli and where did you get your seeds/ Are they heirlooms and if so di you save seeds? Broccoli is our favorite and will be planting some soon. Hopefully they will produce half as wellas yours. I have NEVER seen heaads that large.

    • Ma Hubbard

      July 14, 2013 at 6:56 am

      This particular variety is a hybrid called Premium Crop, which is sold by Southern Exposure Seed Exchange (and many other companies, but I highly recommend their seeds, and they have signed the Safe Seed Pledge). A big part of the reason that these heads are so large is that they were grown in fall. I have found that broccoli which matures in late fall will have heads twice as big as those which mature in spring or even early fall. Broccoli simply thrives in cool temperatures!

      • Derrick

        August 20, 2014 at 10:54 am

        Dear Ma Hubbard…I want to plant some broccoli out in the woods…Close to my deer hunting cabin…It’s now August 20th, do I have time?

        • Cathy

          August 21, 2014 at 8:49 am

          If you are in plant hardiness zone 6 or higher, absolutely. Just make sure it’s in a sunny spot in the woods, and remember that deer like to eat broccoli, too (or is that your strategy?). 😉

  4. Yvonne

    January 18, 2014 at 10:32 pm

    Fabulous!! I have never seen pics of broccoli like that, EVER. You are definitely doing something right. My broccoli was such a disappointment in 2013 I gave up and just ate the leaves, minus the ribs. Steamed and served with a bit of butter and salt, they were delicious. Much sweeter than kale, which I also love. Have to admit, I was drooling over the gorgeous leaves on your broccoli as much as for the impressive heads. You have inspired me to try growing broccoli again, even if it isn’t anywhere near as amazing as yours. :o)

  5. Derrick

    August 20, 2014 at 10:51 am

    SOOOO much awesomeness! #broccoliLover.

  6. REA

    September 15, 2014 at 10:40 am

    WOW! Huge broccoli…A nice harvest.
    http://LivingItUpAlternatively.blogspot.com

  7. Lilianna Wade

    July 10, 2015 at 8:17 am

    Great photos! And WOW for that broccoli! My girlie loves broccoli too and she mainly prefers eating them fresh, not cooked. She loves vegetables more than fruits, but the important is that she’s already interested of how they grow. We’ve recently made our seed starters for fall broccoli seedlings and Ruby was so happy to help. Thank you for your tips, we’ve never harvested such big heads of broccoli, but I hope with the help of your tips we will. Greets!

  8. Larry Lescanec

    July 28, 2015 at 9:51 pm

    What USDA zone are you in?

    • Cathy

      October 29, 2015 at 9:26 am

      6b